ARC Identifier 6011700 / Local Identifier O-031
Item from Record Group 46: Records of the U.S. Senate, 1789 - 2011
|Creator(s):||U.S. Senate. Office of Senate Curator. (? - )|
|Type(s) of Archival Materials:||Photographs and other Graphic Materials|
Center for Legislative Archives (LL), National Archives Building, Room 8E, 7th and Pennsylvania Avenue NW, Washington, DC, 20408. PHONE: 202-357-5350; FAX: 202-357-5911; EMAIL: email@example.com.
|Part Of:||Series: Berryman Political Cartoon Collection, compiled 1896 - 1949|
|General Note(s):||President Woodrow Wilson addressed Congress on January 8, 1918 and stated in Fourteen Points America's terms for peace to end World War I. Point four of his address called for a reduction of armaments to the lowest point consistent with domestic safety. In the peace negotiations after the war, the allied powers agreed to limit the size and tonnage of their fleets to prevent future arms races. The first step was to stop construction of new warships. Delegates of the allied powers met in Washington to hammer out the details of the treaty. Cartoonist Clifford Berryman utilizes the day before Thanksgiving to report on progress. While the peace dove is "bubbling over with the Thanksgiving spirit" due to the progress made, a sobbing caged turkey is unable to share the enthusiasm. The shadow of an axe on the wall is a stern reminder of the turkey's fate. The delegates did reach agreement and signed treaties in Washington in 1922 at the Washington Conference on the Limitation of Armaments. At that conference, the US, Great Britain, France, Japan and Italy ratified a ten year treaty which limited the tonnage of major warships to a ratio of 5-5-3-1.7-1.7 for the five powers.|